How 156 years of British rule shaped Hong Kong

I am in China now, but I feel like I am in the UK. Under British rule, Hong Kong became a modern western city with an eastern background. This is the venue of the British Cricket Club in the heart of Hong Kong. Cricket has been played on these venues since 1880. Hong Kong is a strange place. As a colony, it did not break away from British rule until 1997 Therefore, the British culture here is very obvious. This ferry was built by the British in 1888. Five-star ferry runs day and night Provide the most important means of cross-sea transportation These trams were brought by the British in the early 20th century.

If you go to London, you will see that the double-decker buses there look exactly like the buses here. Notice on which side of the road they are driving? So many street names, road names, are all British. The famous Happy Valley Racecourse is said to be the most beautiful in the east. Through this park, I take a walk on this bowling green Where they play bowling. The very old British movement. This is in the heart of Hong Kong The British brought good management and A kind way of life. These houses and apartments are located on the top of Victoria Peak. Around the end of the 16th century and the beginning of the 17th century, Britain began to trade with China.

China has all kinds of things the West wants: porcelain, silk. But the British have only one favorite: an herbal medicine called tea. China is really the only place in the world that produces tea on a large scale The British are totally obsessed with it. But the British government has an obstacle in the tea trade: The emperor of China only accepted pure silver coins, basically coins and silver bars in exchange for tea Trading is like that, and the British are willing to accept The British are willing to pay all costs for this.

Because tea is so important. In the end, the silver reserves of the British financial sector plummeted, which became a national crisis. So the British came up with a very unethical solution to the tea and silver problem They started smuggling opium Opium is a very addictive narcotic illegally in China The British sell opium in exchange for Chinese silver, which is then used to buy tea This is their solution: illegal drug trade This is really shocking to me In the end, the Chinese government intervened in this illegal drug trade and stopped such behavior. They caught all the opium and threw 20,000 boxes of opium into the sea Britain was not satisfied with China’s destruction of opium so it sent her gunboat The Opium War has begun.

They finally negotiated a series of peace agreements Part of these deals is that China intends to give this sparsely populated island to China They mentioned in the treaty text that Britain will own Hong Kong for 99 years, But the negotiating diplomat later said He called it “as good as ever” for 99 years It means returning to Hong Kong unintentionally. So the British desire for tea Letting them go to war with China finally gave them a new Asian colony: Hong Kong Hong Kong, as a British colony, is a paradise for tax-exempt travelers China, mainland China, is just a few miles away from the border.

I just walked into the grocery store to meet Billy, he is the historian here We looked at a bunch of maps, it was very much like my activity. So one of the things the British started doing when they got here is Draw your own boundaries in the city to separate them from the local Chinese. Let us now talk about tea. It is still a symbol of different cultures in Hong Kong Witnessed the rivalry between British and Chinese influence. British people prefer to drink tea with scones, scones and small cakes. And the Chinese will tell you they don’t use milk to spoil their tea They drink tea with snacks and rarely eat buns and cakes. The tea situation in the UK is very different. These two traditions Played a counterbalancing role Part ways with the Chinese Drinking in crowded slums, they drink tea in teahouses and teahouses British aristocratic house on their hill Sip their milk tea, but eventually over time these boundaries disappear The two cultures began to merge. To today, Tea culture has become a perfect fusion of the two. But I have to break the British dream, 1999 is not as forever as British diplomats think The actual handover ceremony is about to begin.

Britain’s role is officially over The handover ceremony held before midnight Will soon become the five-star flag of China Have sovereignty over Hong Kong again. I represent Her Majesty the Queen And all the British people come to express their gratitude and admiration And the feelings and blessings to everyone in Hong Kong At midnight, China’s Red Star flag will board. For me, this is pure betrayal. We are like being abandoned by the British. Under the fusion of Chinese and Western values Hong Kong has developed a sense of honor Citizenship is not Determined by passport This is something you cherish, The culture we live in.

We feel lost in our identity. The identity of our generation is very complicated. Britain’s return of Hong Kong to China is the beginning of a new chapter This city, so next week I am going to explain what happened when China tried to integrate Hong Kong And how the people here resist.

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